My Son, located 69 km southwest of Danang, was an imperial city during the Cham dynasty, between the 4th and 12th centuries. My Son Sanctuary is a large complex of religious relics that comprises more than 70 architectural works. They include temples and towers that connect to each other with complicated red brick designs. The main component of the Cham architectural design is the tower, built to reflect the divinity of the king.
According to records on the stone stele, the prime foundation of the ancient My Son architectural complex was a wooden temple to worship the Siva Bhadresvera genie. In the late 16th century, a big fire destroyed the temple. Step by step, historical mysteries were unveiled by scientists. Through stone stele and royal dynasties, they proved My Son to be the most important Holy Land of the Cham people from the late 4th to the 15th centuries. For many centuries, the Cham built Lip, a mutually linked architectural complex, with baked bricks and sandstone. The main temple worships the Linga-Yoni, who represents the capability of invention. Beside the main tower (Kalan) are several sub-towers worshipping Genies or deceased kings. Although time and the wars have destroyed some towers, the remaining sculptural and architectural remnants still reflect the style and history of the art of the Cham people. Their masterpieces mark a glorious time for the architecture and culture of the Cham, as well as of Southeast Asia.
Each historical period has its own identity, so that each temple worshipping a genie or a king of a different dynasty has its own architectural style full of different impression. All of the Cham towers were built on a quadrate foundations and each comprises three parts: a solid tower base, representing the world of human beings, the mysterious and sacred tower body, representing the world of spirits, and the tower top built in the shape of a man offering flowers and fruits or of trees, birds, animals, etc., representing things that are close to the spirits and human beings.
According to many researchers of the ancient Cham towers, the architectural art of the Cham towers at My Son Sanctuary is the convergence of different styles, including the continuity of the ancient style in the 7th-8th centuries, the Hoa Lai style of the 8th-9th centuries, the Dong Duong style from the mid-9th century, the My Son and My Son-Binh Dinh styles, etc. Among the remnants of many architectural sites excavated in 1898, a 24 metres high tower was found in the Thap Chua area and coded A I by archaeologists and researchers on My Son. This tower is a masterpiece of ancient Cham architecture. It has two doors, one in the east and the other in the west. The tower body is high and delicate with a system of paved pillars; six sub-towers surround the tower. This two storey tower looks like a lotus flower. The top of the upper layer is made of sandstone and carved with elephant and I ion designs. In the lower layer, the walls are carved with fairies and water evils and men riding elephants. Unfortunately, the tower was destroyed by US bombs in 1969.
After the My Son ancient tower complex was discovered, many of its artifacts, especially statues of female dancers and genies worshipped by the Cham people, worship animals and artifacts of the daily communal activities, were collected and displayed at the Cham Architecture Museum in Danang city. Although there are not many remnants left, those that remain display the typical sculptural works of cultural value of the Cham nationality. Furthermore, they are vivid proof, confirming the history of a nationality living within the Vietnamese community boasting of a rich cultural tradition.
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A Glance at Vietnam 9 Days Tour from Saigon to Halong Bay
Saigon - My Tho - Ben Tre - Da Nang - Hoi An - Hue - Hanoi - Halong Bay
With this tour, you will discover the spirit of Vietnam from south to north. You will be surprised by the modern chaos of Ho Chi Minh City, the ancient Hoian city, the royal past of Hue and the elegant Hanoi Old Quarter.
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With this tour you will discover two magnificent countries in Southeast Asia. At the beginning you will discover Hanoi with its beautiful boulevards.
Hanoi - Sapa - Hue - Hoi An - Buon Ma Thuot - Kon tum - Pleiku - Qui Nhon - Nha Trang - Ho Chi Minh City
With Backroads of Vietnam Tour 24 Days, you really feel the beauty from north to south of Vietnam. You can see from the colonial charm of Hanoi to the modern chaos Ho Chi Minh City.
Bangkok - Siem Reap - Phnom Penh - Chau Doc - Can Tho - Ho Chi Minh City - Cu Chi Tunnels - Da Nang - Hoi An - Hanoi - Halong Bay - Luang Prabang - Bangkok
Revealing the original beauty and uninterrupted life pace when you travel to Indochina and Thailand.
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With 25 days best Indochina tour, you will go to Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos to discover the diverse regions and meet the smiling locals...
Hanoi - Halong Bay - Hue - Da Nang - Hoi An - My Tho - Cu Chi Tunnels - Ho Chi Minh City
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Experience a 14 day Classic highlights tour of Indochina encompassing the very best of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Travel south through Vietnam from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City.
Hoi An - My Son - Hoi An
This tour will take you to visit 2 most famous sights in Da Nang. One is the excellent Cham Museum in Da Nang where housed the finest collection of Cham sculptures and the other is the Museum of Cham Sculpture with more than 300 artifacts dating from the 4th to the 14th century.
Hanoi - Lao Cai - Sapa - Halong Bay - Da Nang - Hoi An - My Son - Hue - Saigon - Cai Be - Vinh Long - Cu Chi Tunnels - Phnom Penh - Siem Reap - Angkor Wat - Tonle Sap
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Hanoi - Halong Bay - Hoi An - Hue - Saigon - Mekong Delta
Classic Vietnam Tour 7 Days helps you explore Vietnam’s geography and culture. You will stay 5 nights at hotel in Hanoi, Hue, Hoi An, Ho Chi Minh city and 01 night on boat to explore the amazing natural splendor of Halong Bay.
Address: No 132 Hung Vuong Street, Thanh Ha, Hoi An City, Vietnam
Location: Hoi An City
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